BANETH, family of scholars. EDUARD EZEKIEL BANETH (1855–1930), talmudic scholar, was a descendant of the well-known banet family of rabbis and scholars. He was born in Liptó-Szent-Miklós (Slovakia). From 1882 to 1895 he served as rabbi at Krotoszyn (near Poznan) and then as lecturer of Talmud at the Lehranstalt fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin. In 1919 the Prussian Ministry of Education awarded him the title of professor. Baneth's work was devoted mainly to talmudic and rabbinic literature, the development of halakhah, and the Jewish calendar. Among his published works are Ursprung der Sadokaeer und Boethosaeer (1882); Maimunis Neumondberechnung (4 vols., 1898–1903); Der Sederabend (1904); Avot mit Maimunis arabischem Kommentar (1905); Maimonides als Chronologe und Astronom (1914); Soziale Motive in der rabbinischen Rechtspflege (1922); Bilder talmudischer Ethik (1926); and Der juedische und buergerliche Kalender (1928). Baneth also contributed to the Samter-Hoffmann German translation and commentary of the Mishnah (order of Mo'ed, 19272). His son DAVID HARTWIG (ZVI; 1893–1973) was an Arabist. Born in Krotoszyn, from 1920 to 1924 he was an assistant at the Akademie fuer die Wissenschaft des Judentums. He then went to Palestine where he was a lecturer at the Hebrew University on Arabic philosophy, language, and literature. From 1946 he was professor of Arabic language and literature. In his earlier years David made important contributions to ancient Aramaic and Canaanite studies, but his life's work consisted in the study of Jewish thought as expressed in Arabic, Arabic as used by Jews, and medieval Hebrew. He wrote on the enigmatic Jewish rationalist ibn kammuna (MGWJ, vol. 69, 1925), on the relationship between judah halevi and the Muslim theologian ghazali (Korrespondenzblatt, vol. 5, 1929; see also keneset , vol. 7, 1942), and on the use made by both Ghazali and the Jewish pietist Baḥya ibn Paquda of a passage in a book by a Christian author (Magnes Jubilee Volume, 1938). Baneth was at his best in the editing and criticism of texts, such as his edition of Maimonides' letters (Iggerot ha-Rambam, 1946), his revisions of Maimonides' Terminology of Logic (edited by L. Roth, 1935. and of the Book of Beatitude, ascribed to Maimonides (prepared for publication by H.S. Davidowitz, 1939), as well as his discussion of the Hebrew translations of Maimonides' treatise on resurrection (Tarbiz, vol. 11, 1939/40, and vol. 13, 1941/42) and of Maimonides' Hebrew usage (Tarbiz, vol. 6, 1934/35 and vol. 23, 1951/52). He published many detailed reviews of Judeo-Arabic works in Kirjath Sepher. Of particular importance are Baneth's studies of the language and contents of the Cairo Genizah documents (cf. S. Shaked, A Tentative Bibliography of Geniza Documents (1964), 268–9). Most of the Arabic Genizah texts published by S. Assaf were prepared for publication and translated into Hebrew by Baneth. By emphasizing that most deviations from classical Arabic grammar in the Genizah documents were not "mistakes," but represented the living language of the period, Baneth pointed the way for a sound approach to the understanding of those medieval writings. (Moshe David Herr / Shelomo Dov Goitein / Samuel Miklos Stern)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BANETH (Benet, Paneth), EZEKIEL BEN JACOB — (1773–1854), rabbi, born in Alt Ofen (Budapest), Hungary. In 1810 Ezekiel was appointed rabbi of Szecseny. He became rabbi of paks in 1825 and subsequently of balassagyarmat , and from 1847 officiated at Nyitra. He corresponded on halakhic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baneth, David Tzevi Hartwig — (1893 1973)    Israeli Arabist, son of Eduard Baneth. He was born in Krotoszyn, Poland. He settled in Palestine, where he became professor of Arabic language and literature at the Hebrew University. His writings concern the influence of Arabic… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Baneth, Eduard — (1855 1930)    Prussian talmudist. He was born in Lipto Szent Miklos, Hungary. He served as rabbi in Krotoszyn and lectured on Talmud at the Lehranstalt fur die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin. His work was concerned primarily with talmudic… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Baneth, Ezekiel — (1773 1854)    Hungarian rabbi. He was born in Alt Ofen. He served as rabbi of Paks, Belassagyarmat and Nyitra, and his yeshivah was attended by students from all over the country. He was a halakhic authority and an eloquent preacher …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Cipher (newuniversal) — Not to be confused with Cipher (comics) or Cypher (comics). Cipher Cover to newuniversal: shockfront #2, Marvel Publishing, circa 2008. Publication information …   Wikipedia

  • GENIZAH, CAIRO — Introduction The term genizah is a word shortened from the rabbinical Hebrew phrase bet genizah (see also genizah ). Its counterpart in late biblical Hebrew is genez (pl. genazim, ginzei) which in Esther evidently means a treasury, as well as the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEBREW LANGUAGE — This entry is arranged according to the following scheme: pre biblical biblical the dead sea scrolls mishnaic medieval modern period A detailed table of contents precedes each section. PRE BIBLICAL nature of the evidence the sources phonology… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Regina Jonas — Gedenktafel für Regina Jonas, Berlin, Krausnickstraße. Ausschnitt Regina Jonas (* 3. August 1902 in Berlin; † 12. Dezember 1944 im KZ Auschwitz Birkenau) war die erste in Deutschland praktizierende Rabbinerin und, soweit bekannt, die erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BANET — (Baneth, Benet, Panet, Benedict, Binet, Bineter), family of Moravian rabbis and scholars. Its first known member, MORDECAI BEN YOM TOV, approved a maḥzor following the Polish ritual in Nikolsburg (Mikulov) in 1716. ABER (Aberl; d. 1758), possibly …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JONAS, REGINA — (1902–1944), German rabbi and Holocaust victim. Born in Berlin in 1902, Regina Jonas completed her secondary education, receiving a license to teach in girls schools in 1924. Shortly afterwards, she began studying at the Berlin rabbinical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.